Echo, Carotid, Arterial

What is an echochardiogram?

A test called an echo uses sound waves to provide an image of the heart. It is used to assess the heart’s functionality, as well as the organ’s size and shape, pumping capacity, and the existence of any anomalies such blockages or deformities.

What is a carotid test?

The carotid artery in the neck is visualized using sound waves during a carotid test, sometimes referred to as a carotid ultrasound or carotid duplex. The carotid artery, also known as carotid stenosis, is a significant blood channel that carries blood to the brain. When the carotid artery narrows or is blocked, it develops carotid artery disease and raises the risk of stroke.

The following steps are commonly included in a carotid test procedure:

1. Preparing for the test: The patient is usually asked to fast for a few hours before the test. They will also be asked to remove any jewelry or clothing that may interfere with the test.

2. Positioning: The patient will be positioned lying down on the exam table and the ultrasound probe will be placed on the skin over the carotid artery.

3. Imaging: The ultrasound probe sends out high-frequency sound waves that bounce off the blood vessels and create a live image of the carotid artery on a screen.

4. Analysis: The images are analyzed by a trained technologist or radiologist to check for any blockages or narrowing of the carotid artery.

5. Follow-up: The results of the test will be discussed with the patient and their doctor, who will recommend any necessary follow-up tests or treatments.

It is important to note that carotid test is a painless and non-invasive procedure and it’s usually done as an outpatient procedure.

What is ABG?

An arterial blood gas (ABG) test is a blood test that measures the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood. The test is done by drawing blood from an artery, typically from the wrist, to measure the pH and partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) and carbon dioxide (PaCO2) in the blood. The test is commonly used to evaluate a person’s lung function, such as in cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). It can also be used to evaluate other conditions that affect the body’s acid-base balance.